Kristel Aranda Schoster, [Presentation Awardee] Programa Arqueológico Ecodinámicas Tempranas de lo Valles de Chao y Santa

A Human Offering to the Early Adobe Monumental Building of Los Morteros, Northern Peru

Los Morteros (5726-5041 cal.BP) is a pre-pottery archaeological site located in Chao valley, northern Peruvian coast. Excavations in 2016-17 recorded a context composed by stone hearths, marine fauna and remains of at least 9 human bodies some of them with fire exposure signs. This assemblage...

Cristian Baez Lazcano, [Presentation Awardee] Investigador Vivencial Afrodescendiente, Co-fundador ONG Lumbanga; Juan Eduardo Wolf, University of Oregon

A Descolonizar la Cruz: Haciendo Visible la Participación de Afrodescendientes en un Ritual Andino

En el mundo andino, la cruz de mayo es un ritual católico conocido por ser un sincretismo de creencias europeas e indígenas, ya que hay casos en que estas cruces han sido elevadas sobre sitios de antiguas wakas. Sin embargo, en el valle de Azapa, en la frontera con Chile, Perú, y Bolivia, estos...

Daniela Balanzategui, University of Massachusetts, Boston

Archaeology of Cimarronaje in the Andes of Ecuador: Revisiting the Garden of Memory Martina Carrillo

Based on an ongoing collaborative project to revitalize an 18th century Afro-Ecuadorian cemetery in the community of La Concepcion, Northern Andes of Ecuador, this presentation explores the archaeological heritage of cimarronaje as an active process for historical reparations. The cemetery named...

Shelley Burian, Independent Scholar

From Capacocha to Revolutionary: The Identification and Cultural Significance of a Colonial Aymara Women’s Mantle Style (Three-Part Isallu)

This paper will discuss a type of women’s ceremonial mantle worn in Aymara-speaking communities during the colonial period (1532-1825 CE), currently mis-identified in the existing literature as a male garment. Based on archaeological evidence from the temple of Inti at Pachacamac and the...

Caleb Chen, University of California, Davis; Luis Flores Blanco, University of California, Davis; Randall Haas, University of California, Davis

Projectile Point Enlargement in the High Andean Archaic: An Experimental Atlatl Study

Archaic projectile points from the Andean Altiplano exhibit a curious trend of increasing size over time in contrast to a size reduction commonly observed throughout North America. We hypothesized that the increase compensated for decreasing dart momentum or accuracy resulting from shortening of...

Daniel Contreras, University of Florida; Benjamin Vining, University of Arkansas

Assembling the Archive: Integrating Legacy Data to Examine the Longue Durée in the Chicama Valley, Peru

Settlement pattern studies in the Central Andes have been a key archaeological tool for 75 years. Familiar challenges – chronologies, palimpsests, paleoenvironments – remain, and the loss of sites to expanding agriculture and peri-urban development presents a sobering reality. As a result,...

Elizabeth K. Cruzado Carranza, Louisiana State University

Past and Current Cultural Heritage Practices in Rural Peru: Lessons from Nivín, Casma

This poster explores the past, present, and future efforts and challenges of educational archaeology in Peru using as a case study my involvement with the Nivín community in Casma. Since 2011, collaborative efforts of teachers and students at the school and its museum have led to the creation of...

Louise Deglin, University of California, Los Angeles; Donna Nash, University of North Carolina at Greensboro

Imperial Production at the Border: A Study of Wari Decorated Ceramics at Cerro Baúl

Cerro Baúl, a site perched on a ridge-top mountain in the Moquegua Valley (Peru), is well known as the southernmost outpost of the Wari Empire (600-1000 C.E.). Over the last decades, the Proyecto Arqueológico Cerro Baúl has brought to light nearly seventy Wari decorated ceramics, ranging from...

David D. Earle, Antelope Vallley College

O del Inga o del Mandinga: Afroperuvians and the Population History of the Acarí and Yauca Valleys, Peru in the Colonial Era

After the Spanish conquest, the Acarí and Yauca Valleys- agriculturally circumscribed ‘linear oases’- underwent depopulation and repopulation with in-migration of highland native people and the introduction of African slaves. By circa 1800, successive censuses document a complex pattern of socio...

Julia E. Earle, University of Texas at Austin; Jhon P. Cruz Quiñones, Independent

Building Power: On the Organization of Construction Technologies in the Sacred Valley, Peru (ca. 1000 – 1400 CE)

As early as the 7th Inka Yawar Waqaq, the Inka initiated construction operations in the Sacred Valley, where they encountered a political landscape populated by diverse communities and architectonic traditions. This paper will present results of 2019 fieldwork involving the reconnaissance of...

Alex Garcia-Putnam, University of Wyoming; Maria Smith, Syracuse University; Melissa S. Murphy, University of Wyoming; Todd Surovell, University of Wyoming

Modeling the Spread of Smallpox During Spanish Conquest in the Coast and Highlands of Colonial Peru

Archaeology has a limited ability to observe the direct effects of infectious diseases. Historic sources often lack quantifiable measures of disease impacts; furthermore, many diseases are skeletally invisible, making interpretation difficult. Here, we use archival census data from colonial-era...

Miłosz Giersz, University of Warsaw; Patrycja Prządka-Giersz, University of Warsaw; Wiesław Więckowski, University of Warsaw

Being a Coolie in Republican Peru: The Curious Case of the Solitary Burial of a Chinese Laborer from Castillo de Huarmey Archaeological Site, North Coast of Peru

In 2017 an intriguing, sub-modern burial was discovered at the site of Castillo de Huarmey, Peru. The individual buried in the area of pre-Columbian huaca was of Chinese origin and came to Peru as a part of a big immigration wave from between 1849 and 1874. Over 100.000 Chinese workers were...

Damian A. Gonzales Escudero, Max Planck Institute for European Legal History

The Invention of an Inter-ethnic Landscape in the Early Colonial Peru (1560-1570)

Based on a land sale held by the cacique of the Collique ethnic group to a slave in the early 1560s, I argue that inter-ethnic relations, between Indians and Afro-descendants, produced transformations in the landscape of the lower valley of the Chillón River. Questioning the traditional readings...

Tessa Grogan, Trent University; Daniela Valenzuela, Universidad de Tarapacá; Paul Szpak, Trent University

Investigating Trade and Early Camelid Herding through Stable Isotope Analysis of Pre-Hispanic Textiles from the Atacama Desert, Chile

We evaluated the likely geographic origin of camelid fiber used in the manufacture of pre-Hispanic textiles found in the coastal regions of the northern Atacama Desert, Chile. To achieve this, stable carbon and nitrogen isotope analysis was employed on 189 archaeological fiber samples to...

Randall Haas, University of California, Davis; James Watson, University of Arizona; Tammy Buonasera, University of California, Davis; John Southon, University of California, Irvine; Jennifer C. Chen, Pennsylvania State University; Sarah Noe, University of California, Santa Barbara; Kevin Smith, University of California, Davis; Carlos Viviano Llave, Independent; Jelmer Eerkens, University of California, Davis; Glendon Parker, University of California, Davis

Wilamaya Patjxa and Female Hunters of the Early Americas

"Men were hunters, women were gatherers" is common knowledge that reinforces gendered labor structures in contemporary society. Recent discovery of a female hunter burial in the high Andes, 9 ka, causes us to question this model. We show that the burial is the oldest secure hunter burial in the...

Corrie Hyland, University of Oxford, Trent University; Jean-François Millaire, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières; Paul Szpak, Trent University

Highlander on the Coast: Multi-tissue Stable Isotope Analysis of a Late Middle Horizon Ritual Killing Event, Virú Valley, Peru

Multi-tissue (bone collagen, tooth enamel, hair) stable isotope analysis (carbon, nitrogen, strontium) on six individuals from the lower Virú Valley identified a mixture of local and non-local isotope signatures. One individual, had a stable isotope signature unlike any previously found on the...

Kevin Lane, [Presentation Awardee] CONICET-Universidad de Buenos Aires

Sound and Fury: Dancing Platforms, Holy Mountains and Encroaching Empire in the Upper Ica Drainage, AD 1000-1615

The Ica Highlands during the late Prehispanic Period and early Spanish Colony were a contested area between the Chocorvos, the Incas and the Spanish. The settlement site of Viejo Sangayaico and the sacred mountain-top (or apu) site of Huinchocruz encapsulates these dichotomies of conquest and...

Claire Maass, Stanford University

Race, Representation, and the Struggle for Recognition: Collaborative Bioarchaeology and Afro-Peruvian Pasts in Central Peru

In 2009, the Peruvian government apologized to its citizens of African descent for the discrimination enacted against them from the colonial period to the present. However, Afro-Peruvians continue to face marginalization in contemporary society. The underrepresentation of African diaspora...

Katherine M. McAllen, University of Texas, Rio Grande Valley

Local Devotions in the Sacred Valley: Native Identities and Community Patronage in the Painting Program of San Martin in Huarocondo

This proposal seeks to present new research related to localized art in the Sacred Valley. This paper will examine the church of San Martin de Tours in Huarocondo, Perú, to explore how indigenous patrons established their identity with paintings depicting Inca elites, who were owners of...

Ibis Mery, Independiente

Ecologías Políticas en las Haciendas Coloniales de los Andes Septentrionales del Ecuador desde una Visión Zooarqueológica

Este proyecto es un trabajo en progreso que intenta comparar la evidencia fáunica de contextos arqueológicos en haciendas de época colonial en los Andes septentrionales del Ecuador. Las haciendas se diferencian en términos de fuerza de trabajo, temporalidad y tipo de propiedad...

Jeremy Mikecz, Dartmouth College

Shadowy Figures and Ghost Landscapes: Visualizing the Contributions of Indigenous and African Actors to the Spanish Invasion (1532 - 1537)

Applying lessons from data visualization and qualitative cartography this paper experiments with ways to visually reconstruct the contributions and agency of Indigenous and African actors to the Spanish invasion. Andean authors like Waldemar Espinoza Soriano, Edmundo Guillén Guillén, and others...

Andrew Nelson, The University of Western Ontario; Lucía C. Watson, Co-Director, Mummies as Microcosms Project; Jocelyn S. Williams, Trent University; Suellen Gauld, Santa Monica College; Joanna Motley, The University of Western Ontario; Lauren S. Poeta, The University of Western Ontario; Elizabeth Gomez, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos; Jhon Baldeo, Oficina de las Naciones Unidas de Servicio para Proyecto Sarita Fuentes, Museo de Sitio Pachacamac; Denise Pozzi-Escot, Museo de Sitio Pachacamac

Mummies as Microcosms: The Bioarcheological Assessment of Funerary Bundles from Outside of the Sanctuary of Pachacamac, Peru (1100 AD-1470 AD)

In 2015, a cemetery containing 138 funerary contexts, including 78 mummy bundles, was excavated outside of the walls of the Sanctuary of Pachacamac. The bundles are quite diverse, they are not associated with rich offerings and they may represent a diverse collection of individuals. Thus, this...

Clarisa Otero, [Presentation Awardee] Instituto de Datación y Arqueometría-CONICET, Universidad Nacional de Jujuy, Universidad Nacional de Tucumán, Gobierno de Jujuy / Instituto Interdisciplinario Tilcara, Universidad de Buenos Aires; Maria Laura Fuchs, Instituto de Datación y Arqueometría-CONICET, Universidad Nacional de Jujuy, Universidad Nacional de Tucumán, Gobierno de Jujuy / Universidad Nacional de Jujuy

El Rol de la Mujer Inca en una Provincia del Collasuyu

Durante la dominación incaica, el Pucará de Tilcara funcionó como un centro de primera jerarquía en la Quebrada de Humahuaca (Provincia de Jujuy, Argentina), posicionándose como capital de la wamani de Omaguaca. Este trabajo se propone abordar, desde una perspectiva interdisciplinaria, el rol...

Muriel Paulinyi, [Presentation Awardee] Universidad de Chile; Helena Horta, Universidad Católica del Norte, Instituto de Investigaciones Arqueológicas y Museo G. Le Paige

Estudio Iconográfico de Tubos de Hueso Excavados en San Pedro de Atacama (Chile): Nuevos Atributos de Taruca o Ciervo Andino para El Sacrificador Tiawanaku

En esta ponencia damos a conocer un grupo de 7 tubos contenedores de hueso con iconografía Tiawanaku, procedentes de distintos hallazgos realizados en San Pedro de Atacama y en el altiplano boliviano. El análisis de su iconografía nos permitió, entre otras cosas, ampliar el círculo de las...

Ruddy Perea Chávez, [Presentation Awardee] Universidad Católica de Santa María

Investigaciones Arqueológicas Desde el Nevado Huarancante Hasta el Nevado Coropuna

Esta investigación se efectúo para conocer el sitio ceremonial en el nevado Coropuna, y la relación de esta ceremonia con los cambios climáticos, siendo esta montaña una de las más sagradas por los Incas, debido a su altitud y hielos permanentes. Se encontró tres sitios ceremoniales importantes...

Elena Phipps, Independent Scholar/University of California, Los Angeles; Caroline Solazzo, Conservation Science Lab, Smithsonian Institution

Viscacha in Andean Textile Traditions: Culture, Use and Identification

The soft hair of viscacha, a rodent of the Chinchilla family, according to Garcilaso de la Vega in his 1609 Royal Commentaries, was spun into yarns for garments of the nobility. This paper—resulting from over ten years of research in various phases—including the examination of historical texts,...

Gabriel Prieto, University of Florida; John Verano, Tulane University; Feren Castillo, Universidad Nacional de Trujillo; Khrystyne Tschinkel, Tulane University; Rachel Witt, Tulane University; Luis Flores de la Oliva, Programa Arqueologico Huanchaco; Alan Chachapoyas, Universidad Nacional de Trujillo

Pampa la Cruz: New Evidence of Child and Camelid Sacrifice during the Late Intermediate Period and Late Horizon on the North Coast of Peru

In this paper, we report the results of recent excavations carried out at Pampa la Cruz (PLC), a new mass sacrifice site dating to between cal. AD 1100-1200 and cal. AD 1500-1520. PLC is the second mass sacrificial site found in the Huanchaco area, located approximately 2 km north of the Chimú...

Julián Salazar, [Presentation Awardee] Centro de Estudios Históricos-CONICET; Franco Francisco, Centro de Estudios Históricos-CONICET; Juan Montegú, Universidad Nacional de San Luis-CONICET; Rocío Molar, Centro de Estudios Históricos-CONICET

Learning to be Domestic? The Earliest Houses in the Eastern Slopes of the South-central Andes (Anfama, Argentina)

Around 2300-2000 BP durable residential structures were constructed for the first time in Anfama (Tucumán, Argentina), a humid valley of the scarcely analyzed eastern slopes of the south-central Andes. The emergence of built environments implied the development of an unprecedented social...

Emily A. Schach, University of California, Santa Cruz; Jane E. Buikstra, Arizona State University

The Gendered Elderly at Chiribaya Alta: An Intersectional Approach Combining Mortuary Analysis and Age-at-Death Estimation Using Transition Analysis

Studies of social identities in the Andes have become increasingly common, but there has been limited analysis focusing on older individuals. This study presents newly generated age-at-death estimations using transition analysis combined with mortuary analyses to explore the manner in which...

Lisl Schoepflin, University of California, Los Angeles

Making Inca History: Alcalde Mayor y Gobernador Don Luis Chalco Yupangui and the Early Modern Andean Chronicle Compiled by Martín de Murúa

This paper considers the background and interests of the Inca descendant, don Luis Chalco Yupanqui and his participation in the 1590 manuscript version of an illustrated chronicle, Historia General del Pirú (1616), on Inca history and the Spanish invasion compiled by the Basque Mercedarian friar...

Moisés Tufinio, [Presentation Awardee] Universidad Nacional de Trujillo; Carlos Rengifo, Universidad Nacional de Trujillo

Huaca del Sol, Valle de Moche, Perú: Un Caso de Monumentalización de una Residencia de Elite Mochica

La Huaca del Sol del valle de Moche es uno de los edificios prehispánicos icónicos de la región. Forma parte del Complejo Arqueológico Huacas de Moche, que es, a su vez, uno de los asentamientos más importantes de la cultura Mochica (c. 100-850 d. C.). No obstante, durante mucho tiempo, sus...

Cecilia Josefina Vásquez, [Presentation Awardee] Universidad San Francisco de Quito

Puruwá, Inka, and Spanish toponyms in Colta Lake Valley (Chimborazo, Ecuador)

The toponyms study in cartographic documents can show the impact of colonialism through immaterial footprints in space and time. Between 1412 and 1822, Colta constituted an example of cartography and toponymy as praxis of colonialism because of the sequential colonization in which linguistic...

Anthony Villar Quintana, [Presentation Awardee] Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos

Shoymal: Un Sitio del Periodo Formativo en la Cuenca Media del Utcubamba, Amazonas

Shoymal, corresponde a un sitio ubicado en la Alta Amazonia del nororiente peruano, donde hasta el momento identificamos una construcción elaborada con grandes rocas talladas, algunas con grabados que exhiben imágenes similares a las observadas en Huaca Prieta, La Galgada, Jaiva, Huaca Ventarrón...

Michelle Young, National Museum of the American Indian; Sadie L. Weber, Harvard University

What’s Yours is Mine(d): Early Strategies of Verticality in the South-Central Peruvian Highlands

We present several lines of evidence from Atalla and other sites in Huancavelica, Peru, to explore the utility of Murra’s model of vertical control for the late Initial Period (1200-800 BC). We argue that several coeval sites located in the vicinity of the Santa Barbara mine represent primary...

Verónica Zuccarelli Freire, [Presentation Awardee] Centro de Investigaciones y Transferencia de Catamarca / Universidad Nacional de Catamarca

Agricultural Landscapes in Eastern Northwest Argentina: The Anthropized Forests and Grasslands at the Sierra El Alto Ancasti During the First Millennium A.D.

Agricultural Landscapes in Eastern Northwest Argentina

Agricultural landscapes in South America have a complex and diverse history and encompass a wide range of contexts, from the high plateaus and arid mountains of the Andes to the eastern Amazonian forests and beyond. We address here the evidence gathered at the Sierra El Alto-Ancasti mountain...